Journal of Environmental Law and Policy

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M – 00312Analytical Article

Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective

Eleanor Mateo *

Law School, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland

Brussels School of Governance, Vrije Universiteit, Brussels, Belgium

Email: | ORCID:

Topi Turunen

Law School, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland

Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, Helsinki, Finland

Email: | ORCID:

Joonas Alaranta

Law School, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland

Registry of the Board of Appeal, European Chemicals Agency, Helsinki, Finland

Email: | ORCID:

*Corresponding author

(2022) 02 (03) Journal of Environmental Law and Policy 102-138

Accepted: 29 November 2022

No. of Abstract Views:

Published: 28 December 2022

No. of Paper Downloads:


In recent years, transitioning to a more circular economy has been introduced as a policy objective in many jurisdictions across the globe with a view to achieving a sustainable society. However, the increasing attention paid to this issue has so far not led to a large-scale transformation of production processes and consumption. Instead, many circular economy innovations have remained niche and have not become the mainstream solutions. A plethora of regulatory, market, cultural and technological barriers limit the demand for, and consequently wide-scale adoption of, circular solutions. This article examines the potential offered by regulatory demand-pull instruments to overcome such barriers and to mainstream circular economy solutions. In particular, the article investigates innovative demand-pull instruments that have been used in various jurisdictions globally. This article analyses the instruments according to their types – i.e., command-and-control measures, economic incentives, information tools and public procurement – to gain a better understanding of the rationales, strengths, and limitations of these categories of instruments in creating a stable demand for the circular economy. The lessons learned from the regulatory innovations enable a more critical approach in determining the best combination of instruments and tools to implement sustainable circular solutions on a larger scale.

Keywords: Circular economy; Transition; Demand-pull instruments; Sustainability


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Eleanor Mateo, Topi Turunen and JoonasAlaranta, ‘Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective’ (2022) 02 (03) Journal of Environmental Law & Policy 102-138

Harvard Style

Mateo, E., Turunen, T.and Alaranta,J. (2022). Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 02(03): 102-138. DOI:

APA Style

Mateo, E., Turunen, T.,&Alaranta,J. (2022). Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 02(03), 102-138.

ACS Style

Mateo E., Turunen T.,AlarantaJ. Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 2022, 02(03), 102-138.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mateo,Eleanor, Turunen, Topi,Alaranta,Joonas. 2022. “Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective”. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 02 no. 03: 102-138.

AAA Style

Mateo, Eleanor, TopiTurunen andJoonasAlaranta. 2022. “Demand-Pull Instruments to Support the Circular Economy: A Global Perspective”. Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 02(03): 102-138.

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